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Possehl, G. Sankalia, H. Schiffer, M. Settar, S. Sinopoli, C. Trigger, B. Not only does it attempt to explain our biological origins and place in the global evolutionary chain but is also now helping to understand the role of genetics in unraveling the history of behavior and various illnesses. This course essentially presents multidisciplinary scientific evidences broadly related to human evolution and systematically covers three main scientific datasets: human paleontology, archaeology and genetics.
Following a broad introduction to fundamental evolutionary principles, the empirical data will be presented in chronological fashion starting from the earliest evidences from Africa where the earliest bipedal hominins appeared at about 7 million years ago. This will be followed by the biological and adaptive traits of the various Australopithecine species and the earliest Homo species. The combined roles of stone tools, control of fire, and diverse subsistence strategies will be taught using specific case studies from well-studied paleoanthropological sites across the Old World.
Following the time after 3 million years ago, the biological, behavioral and technological evidences will discussed through integrated multidisciplinary perspectives. Key conceptual issues will be taught and discussed based on the latest discoveries and associated published and online resources.
These issues include the hunting vs. Key historical milestones in human origins studies will be discussed including various intellectual figures e.
- Ontological realism: A methodology for coordinated evolution of scientific ontologies?
- Vintage Soda Labels;
- Inquiring man: the psychology of personal constructs.
- Tetrahedral Frameworks of Zeolites, Clathrates and Related Materials?
- Learning iOS 8 Game Development.
- Placental Bed Disorders: Basic Science and its Translation to Obstetrics.
Clark, T. White, S. Paabo and their contributions to the discipline. The third component of the course will address the growing role of genetics in human evolutionary studies in the context of recent discoveries and interpretations. These include the discovery of new hominin species in Asia, complex biological relationships between various species in time and space, and the issue of interbreeding between Neanderthals and modern humans in Eurasia.
Besides a basic introduction to genetics and different analytical methods to study DNA, students will be presented with specific case studies that reflect the molecular evolution at varying scales and associated mutation events. The role of DNA in identifying diseases and the evolutionary history of specific illnesses will also be included as a part of this course component.
Recommended Reading Klein, R. HSS From Plassey to partition: A history of modern India [Cr:4, Lc:3, Tt:0, Lb:0] Course Outline 18th Century India: characterization, general features and in particular the historiographical implications of the notion of dark age, the implication of the characterisation of the 18th century on the origins of colonialism in India.
Brief introduction to colonialism, capitalism and imperialism: definitions. Formation of all India community of English educated intellectuals and the educational policies of the British; 19th century socio-religious reform movements: an assessment; Ideas on caste and the growth of caste reform movements in India.
Civil rebellions in the early 19th century and the Revolt of historiographical perspectives. Emergence and Growth of Indian nationalism: origin and growth during the 19th Century; History of anti-colonial struggles: , , , , and History of peasant and tribal movements; formation of working class in India, the history of trade union movements, anti-caste movements and the attitude of Indian National Congress towards these movements.
Towards partition: ideology, history and players. Thomas R. HSS India from prehistory to early history [Cr:4, Lc:3, Tt:0, Lb:0] Course Outline Lower Paleolithic Oldowan, Acheulean , Middle Paleolithic Levallois, modern humans and Upper Paleolithic modern human evolution ; multidisciplinary evidence including contextual, geochronological and archaeological data; Various human dispersals and ecological adaptations. Mesolithic cultures and associated symbolic behaviors e.
Kashmir Neolithic; ashmound sites ; the Neolithic problem in India. Regional Chalcolithic cultures e. Competing States to Empire: Magadha from city-state to empire, Mauryas, political outline, sphere of influence, nature of administration, internal and foreign trade, agrarian base, social organization and decline. South India: Early Iron Age cultures, Chera, Chola and Pandyas, Sangam literature, social formation, nature of polity, socio-economic organization, nature of trade and urbanization. From Mauryan Empire to Secondary State Formations: Satavahanas and Kalinga, nature of secondary state formations, agrarian base, social organization, trade and religious life.
Humanities and Social Sciences
Guptas: Political outline, nature of polity, administration, social organization, agriculture, trade, art and literature, golden age for whom? Recommended Reading D. Kennedy, K. A compound of two Greek words tragos goat and ode song or to sing , tragedy is a theatrical form performed in honour of the Greek mythological figure of Dionysus. The greatest exponents of Attic tragedyAeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripidesdrew their characters and themes primarily from Greek myths. Recommended Reading Aristotle, Poetics , Trans.
Malcolm Heath , Penguin Robert Fagles , Penguin Books Euripides, The Trojan Woman Trans.
Mapping Reality: An Evolutionary Realist Methodology for the Natural and Social Sciences
Gilbert Murray , Watchmaker Kitto, H. McLeish, K. Nietzsche, Friedrich, The Birth of Tragedy.
Out of the Spirit of Music Trans. Shaun Whiteside , Penguin Robert Fagles , Penguin HSS Imagining India: An intellectual history of orientalism [Cr:4, Lc:3, Tt:0, Lb:0] Course Outline This course will introduce the select writings on India by European scholars during the eighteenth and nineteenth century and the interpretative essays on this intellectual tradition. Conscious of the internal diversity and ideological orientation of European intellectuals and their writings on India, this course focuses on imagining India whose themes range from language and literature, caste, religion, kingship, history, architecture to visual representations like paintings and photography.
The framework of the course is not to equate Orientalism with the exercise of power although this aspect is evident in a few case studies but to emphasise on the certain enduring intellectual breakthrough that has come to stay on studies related to South Asian history and culture. Inden, Ronald, Imagining India , Blackwell What makes a society modern? How does the Indian experience of modernity differ from societies in Europe and North America and from its neighbors in Asia? This course will start with the assumption that the transition from traditional to modern societies results from the interaction of a number of deeply structural processes of change taking place over a long period of time.
These processes include the political, the economic, the social and the cultural. We will focus on the following cultural and intellectual movements that have shaped the modern consciousness: The Scientific Revolution: We will focus on the dis-enchantment of nature, and the growing respect for experimental and inductive reasoning brought about by the Scientific Revolution through CE.
The Enlightenment: We will read key texts of the Enlightenment, the 18th century intellectual movement that challenged the traditional sources of social authority in the name of reason, individual liberties and progress. Secularization: The emergence of secular nation-states and social orders that sought their legitimacy from the popular will, rather than divine will. How these intellectual-social currents, which gathered force first in Europe, Britain and North America gradually became globalized will be our second main focus of interest.
Colonial modernity: How colonialism both enabled and distorted the growth of science and secularism in colonial societies, with India as an example. Multiple Modernities: Different cultural routes to modernity in the globalizing world will be examined.
Hall, Stuart ed. HSS Cities: Urban theory and laboratory [Cr:4, Lc:2, Tt:0, Lb:2] Course Outline HISTORY: What is a city, evolution of settlements to cities, early and classical cities, medieval cities, colonial cities, industrialization and the city, trade and the city, Islamic city, city in Hindu thought and planning, port cities, the modernist city, Globalization and the city. FUNCTION: Understanding urban transportation, waste collection and disposal, electricity and water distribution and services in the city, urban ecology, city-hinterland relationships, urban farming, city and water, urban parks.
THEORY: urban systems, central place theory, world systems theory, capitalism and the city, flexible accumulation through urbanization, theory of gentrification, sustainability issues in the city, urban sprawl, climate change and the city, segregation, politics of development in cities, migration and urban slums, politics of participation and protest, Social difference gender, caste, class, nationality in the city.
Recommended Reading Richard T. This course seeks to understand human mobitliy from a social, economic and political perspective. A brief spatial history of Human mobitliy from prehisoty to contemporary times.
Theories of migration, Push and Pull factors, volunatry versus involuntary migration, internal migation and immigration.
Related Mapping reality: an evolutionary realist methodology for the natural and social sciences
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